Industrial parks, economic zones development situation in the first 5 months of 2020

According to statistics, it is estimated that in the first 5 months of 2020, industrial parks (IPs) and economic zones (EZs) nationwide have attracted about 390 foreign investment projects (FDI) with the new  and added registered capital reached about 4.3 billion USD.

Accordingly, the cumulative increase of foreign investment projects is about 9,850 projects with a total registered capital of about 194 billion USD. Realized investment capital reached over 70%. For domestic investment projects (DIP), IZs and EZs have attracted 295 projects with total new and additional registered capital of about VND 46 trillion. Accumulated, the total number of DIP is 9,650 projects with a total investment of about 2.3 million VND. Realized investment capital reached about 45%..

In the first 5 months of the year, despite being affected by Covid-19 epidemic, enterprises of industrial zones and economic zones still tried to maintain production and business activities. Although the decline in production and business activities is not much, it will become serious if prolonged. Specifically, the revenue of enterprises in the IPs and EZs reached about US $ 81 billion, down about 8% over the same period in 2019. Total export value of US $ 58 billion, up about 4% over the same period in 2019. The import value reached about US $ 47 billion, an increase of about 1.5% over the same period in 2019, creating jobs for more than 3.82 million workers, nearly 30 thousand lower than the end of 2019.

Regarding the number of enterprises in the IPs stopped operating, according to the statistics, from the beginning of the year until now, about 120 enterprises in the IPs suspended their operations due to the causes related to the Covid-19 disease, of which Southern IPs such as in Binh Duong and Dong Nai provinces have a higher number of suspended businesses.

Regarding the number of newly established IPs, by the end of May 2020, there were 336 established IPs with a total natural land area of about 97.8 thousand ha, of which industrial land area reached nearly 66 thousand. ha. Out of 336 established industrial parks, 260 industrial parks have been put into operation with a total natural area of about 68.8 thousand hectares and 76 industrial parks are in the stage of compensation and site clearance with a total area of about 29.2 thousand hectares. The occupancy rate of operating industrial parks is about 76.10%.

There are currently 17 coastal economic zones established with a total land area and water surface of more than 845 thousand hectares, the leased land area in functional areas in the EZ reaches over 40 thousand hectares. There are 37 industrial parks located in the EZs with a total area of about 15.6 thousand hectares, of which the industrial land area reaches nearly 10 thousand hectares. Out of 37 industrial zones, there are 20 operating industrial parks with a total area of about 8.5 thousand hectares and 17 industrial parks under construction with a total area of about 7.1 thousand hectares.

By the end of May 2020, there were 234/260 industrial parks in operation with concentrated waste water treatment  accounting for 90%. If including the industrial zones located in coastal economic zones, 248 industrial zones have built and put into operation the concentrated waste water treatment plants, accounting for 88.57% with the total maximum capacity of over 1 million m3. waste water / day and night./.

Vietnam maps showing administrative units, sources of critical raw materials and industrial zones locations.